Pedagogy is often described as the act of teaching.[2] The pedagogy adopted by parent teachers shapes their actions, judgments, and other teaching strategies by taking into consideration theories of learning, understandings of students and their needs, and the backgrounds and interests of individual students.[3][4]

2"Definition of PEDAGOGY". Retrieved 9 January 2019. 3 "Blueprint for government schools. Flagship strategy 1: Student Learning. The Principles of Learning and Teaching P-12 Background Paper" (PDF). Department of Education and Training Victoria. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 12 June 2017 4 Shulman, Lee (1987). "Knowledge and Teaching: Foundations of the New Reform" (PDF). Harvard Educational Review. 15 (2): 4–14. Retrieved 12 June 2017.

Peer instruction is an evidence-based, interactive teaching method popularized by Harvard Professor Eric Mazur in the early 1990s.

 'The act of explaining and defending one’s understanding against the alternative explanations of others helps students engage deeply with the concept, refining their mental model of it. By contrast, superficial learning consists of memorizing information, storing it in the “school” compartment of one’s mind, with little spillover effect into the more important areas of life having to do with real understanding of how the world works, or changing behavior.'